Cook County, IL v. U.S. ex rel Chandler
January 14, 2003 (01-1572)
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Case Summary
Respondent Janet Chandler brought a quitam action under the False Claims Act (FCA) alleging that Cook County engaged in fraudulent reporting and misconduct in handling a federal research grant. The FCA authorizes civil penalties against "[a]ny person" who "knowingly presents or causes to be presented, to an officer or employee of the United States Government…a false or fraudulent claim for payment or approval" or who "conspires to defraud the Government by getting a false or fraudulent claim allowed or paid." While the District Court determined that Cook County may properly be considered a "person" under the FCA, the court dismissed Respondent’s claim on the grounds that the county was immune from punitive damages. On appeal, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit reversed, agreeing that Cook County qualified as a "person" within the meaning of the FCA, but holding that it is not immune from the FCA’s damages scheme. The opinion of the Seventh Circuit is found at 277 F.3d 969.

To see the opinion of the lower court, click here.


PREDICTED OUTCOME ACTUAL
OUTCOME
Forecasting
Model
Expert
One
Expert
Two
Expert
Three
5-4 to Reverse 6-3 to Reverse n/a n/a 9-0 to Affirm
VOTING TO REVERSE
Rehnquist
O'Connor
Kennedy
Thomas
Breyer
Rehnquist
O'Connor
Scalia
Kennedy
Thomas
Ginsburg
VOTING TO AFFIRM
Stevens
Scalia
Souter
Ginsburg
Stevens
Souter
Breyer
Rehnquist
Stevens
O'Connor
Scalia
Kennedy
Souter
Thomas
Ginsburg
Breyer

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